FAQ

Sound determining effects


The following statements describe our findings – gathered in many years of scientific development series - about undisturbed electron flow characteristics within electrically conductive material. This exclusively represents our own experience to these topics without any entitlement to completeness, universal validity or accuracy. For a better understanding our following research findings are vastly simplified.

THE PROBLEM: Conventional untreated conductor material consists of many short crystalline grain structures, which furthermore conditional of manufacturing are laying in an inappropriate assembly. So to some extend the information has to find its diffuse way through many grain structures. Flowing through the GRAIN BOUNDARY JUNCTIONS from grain to grain implies an enormous resistance potential und thus causes a slowed down signal transmission. In addition information transmission virtually swirls in the GRAIN BOUNDARY VOIDS, so tones belonging together are time delayed and torn apart. Above all grain boundary voids allow deformations of the grain structure. This in turn may result in GRAIN CONTACT POINTS, whose resonances may distort the information.

THE RESULT: a slowed down, time delayed and distorted information transmission

THE SOLUTION: SCHNERZINGER® ATOMIC BONDING targets at a complete reformatting of the conductor materials atomic structure to achieve an ultrapure, long chained and stable block structure to:

- prevent grain boundary changeovers
- prevent grain boundary void
- prevent grain contact points

In comparison to so called mono crystalline OCC structures the target is not primarily to maximize the length, but to compress the structure, in order to ensure a persistently closed grain structure in the long run. Early test runs showed, that too long grain structures already are very sensitive to lowest shock or bending. Scanning microscope examinations of extremely long declared OCC MONO structures showed a broken structure already upon delivery. Furthermore it appeared that breakup mostly resulted in extensive deterioration of the whole structure.

These findings lead to the development of the probably most complex production process in the area of cables, the ATOMIC BONDING. .

 

Which conductor material is best?

Auf der Suche nach dem besten und effizientesten Leitermaterial erforschte SCHNERZINGER® in den Anfängen die klanglichen Auswirkungen von verschiedenen, hochreinen Metallen wie Kupfer, Silber und Gold. Die größtmögliche Reinheit der Metalle bildete dabei die unabdingbare Grundvoraussetzung für ein in Frage kommendes Material.

Leitermaterial

Test runs revealed diverging characters of the tested conductor material:
– ultrapure 4 + 5N silver showed an activating, highly resolving character, but if the material structure is not sufficiently conditioned it tilted to a vitreous inhomogeneous reproduction.
top class gold stood out because of its fine, but unfortunately damping character
pristine copper persuades with its homogeneity, but tends to a less detailed sound picture

Subsequent test runs utilizing extra-long, even supposed mono-crystalline OCC material structures confirmed, that not the basic material, but primarily the crystalline structure of the conductor material determines performance.

We continued with countless efforts, to optimize the material structure by metallurgical procedures (special castings, magnetic field applications, cryogenically and heat treatments, alloying, demagnetizing, surface polish etc.) for an improved electron flow. Despite extensively optimized, ultrapure conductor materials and alloying of various designs, the test runs indeed achieved improvements but no fundamental breakthrough. Thus since 2003 SCHNERZINGER® developed a unique and compromise free manufacturing process in the domain of electrical information transmission - ATOMIC BONDING.

SCHNERZINGER® does not make use of cryogenically treatments!

Typical cryogenically treatments – meanwhile applied in the audio domain as well - will be operated for a few days. In professional, computer controlled cryo - facilities temperature will be driven down in definite intervals to about -150 to -196°C and lower, staying at the trough, to subsequently raise the temperature again. In doing so nitrogen or even deeper cooling substances are used.

In our opinion the performance of these quite cheap cyro treatments show an adequate price / value ratio, and the performance benefit is also comprehensible for some time. But as our test runs show, these treatments exploit only a fraction of the really attainable potential.

We definitely advise against the common method of simply dipping the materials into a nitrogen filled container. Our experience shows that the material structure may break over time by such an „extreme chilling“; thus after an initial improvement the sound characteristic may harden more and more.

For this reason SCHNERZINGER® does not make use of cryogenically treatments; but after ATOMIC BONDING the new, for upmost audio specifications designed proprietary NO CRYO PROCESSING will be run as the final process to gain a more efficient and most notably lasting refinement of the material structure. 

Before SCHNERZINGER® had developed ATOMIC BONDING, we very long experimented with countless various alloying (composition of different metals) to find the best conductor material. The SCHNERZINGER® development findings confirmed our initial guesswork, that electrons virtually “swirl” in the grain boundary voids of the crystalline metal structure (gaps), thus tones belonging together will be torn apart and distorted.

Legierungen

Attempts to sort of add copper/ gold/ bronze/ palladium/ aluminum etc. to „fill“ the gaps of inadequate silver structures in order to damp the disharmonious tonal spectrum, indeed seemed to improve the turbulence and resonance characteristic, but: The diverging „transmission speeds“ of distinct metals at first glance always were appealing to some extent, but tonally colored and definitely a limiting compromise, getting in the way of a further-reaching, full speed and most notably synchronized information transmission – the ideal of a pristine pulse sequence. Imagine a sprinter, who runs 100m by 10m turns on rubber and 10m turns on asphalt. He will lose his synchronicity and slows down.

Physically an alloying reduces the conductivity of pure metal and sort of "damps" a better transmission capability. Like a dimmer shades the straining spectrum of colors of a cold neon tube – at the expense of the light output; by reducing conductivity the disharmonic tone color of an inadequately conditioned metal structure can be damped. (in particular silver, because of its enormous conductivity, points out deficits of conditioning)

This way deficits of a suboptimal material structure may be covered - but this is not the SCHNERZINGER® way.

From our findings better conductivity of pure metal in comparison to best alloy invariably leads to an improved transmission quality, except when:

A - conditioning of the crystalline structure is insufficient

B - shortcomings of other cable elements prohibit better sound

C - higher conductivity carves out shortcomings of other cable elements more explicitely

To degrade the enormous conductivity of silver by proportionate addition of gold/copper/palladium/aluminum etc, to damp the dissonant tonal spectrum of an insufficiently conditioned crystalline structure, does not match our idea of an optimum solution. For us, such a compromise represents no proper approach - in 2003 this perception laid the foundation for the design of ATOMIC BONDING

electrical conductivity of elements (top 25 at 20°C, Siemens/(m . 106)):

1. silver: 62,89, 2. copper: 59,77, 3. gold: 42,55, 4. aluminum: 37,66, 5. calcium: 29,15, 6. beryllium: 23,81, 7. natrium: 21,50, 8. magnesium: 22,62, 9. rhodium: 22,17, 10. molybdenum: 19,20, 11. iridium: 18,83, 12. wolfram: 17,69, 13. zinc: 16,90, 14. cobalt: 16,02, 15. nickel: 14,60, 16. cadmium: 13,30, 17. potassium: 13,14, 18. ruthenium: 13,12, 19. osmium: 12,31, 20. indium: 11,94, 21. lithium: 11,69, 22. iron: 10,29, 23. platinum: 9,48, 24. palladium: 9,24, 25. tin: 9,09

Our research shows, that the parts performance potential is primarily determined by the crystalline structure of the deployed material rather than by the material itself. Performance deficits because of a non-optimum crystalline material structure of a connector plug may be compensated via clever actions.

With many connector plugs in the audio domain a layer of gold, silver, rhodium, palladium etc. will be added to the conducting material. This improves electrical contact and - via the distinct character of the particular plating - it furthermore allows for compensation of deficits.

Referenzstecker

But we strive for the solution, not just a compensation of a problem, so we employ connector plugs that are adjusted to the fabric of the SCHNERZINGER CONDUCTOR via the complex process ATOMIC BONDING. We disassemble all plugs into their individual parts and replace the contact pins by ATOMIC BONDING formatted pins. To perfectly protect the contact pins against interfering fields and to establish double operational reliability, the plug receives a two-shelled housing. To reduce contact resistance, after assembly plugs and conductor together will be ATOMIC BONDING processed once again.

Compared to the complexity and effect of these actions the significance of the original material characteristic is secondary.

The decision in favor of the now employed connector plugs was done after a multitude of comparisons utilizing the best respected plugs and sockets of the world market. Price and reputation of the tested devices were of minor importance, as the costs of ATOMIC BONDING by far exceed the costs of expensive plugs.

We explicitly indicate, that - because of the structural adjustment of plugs and conductor material - any back fitting to other plugs will drastically degrade sound quality, thus irreparably destroy the SCHNERZINGER original connection.

Schnerzinger Stecker

Shielding from copper-, aluminum-, silver - meshwork, -foils or particles represent an easy and common method of interference suppression. Shielding meshwork, foils or particles coated cable protect the cable conductor from outer interfering fields; but in the test runs these cables act like antennas, almost attracting high frequency fields. These fields in turn radiate into the equipment and the environment. Particularly in high frequency charged zones (WLAN, mobile phone, DECT phone etc.) this may impair electron flow and limit the achievable performance potential. We think that this compromise afflicted approach is the reason for the intense discussions pro and contra shielded cables.

NoizGuard

From our findings it’s crucial to separate outer interfering fields that radiate through the in house power system, and inner interfering fields, caused by the equipment itself. Intermixture of outer and inner interfering fields induces highly complex interferences, badly damaging the performance potential. Therefore it is important to have an efficient system to separate outer and inner interfering fields, so that intermixture will be effectively inhibited.

The solution: GIGA-PULSE  – INNOVATIVE INTERFERING FIELD ELIMINATION

The operating principle and efficiency of SCHNERZINGER® GIGA-PULSE PROTECTOR technology are unique. Sound-damaging interfering fields are eliminated directly within the cable itself and throughout its surroundings by means of a protective shield generated by radio antennas—without slowing down electron flow at all. Thus the aforementioned benefits of an extremely fast, high-bandwidth conductor can be fully exploited without any adverse effects.

The symbiosis of SCHNERZINGER® ATOMIC BONDING and GIGA-PULSE technologies is exceptional, and the performance effects are astonishing. This leads to a comprehensive system which trounces all previous standards in all important sound-related aspects, redefining audiophile parameters in terms of resolution, dynamics, spatial representation and natural tonality.

SCHNERZINGER® GIGA-PULSE technology is implemented in the entire PROTECTOR product family.

As dielectric SCHNERZINGER® utilizes a high tech material with unbelievable dielectric and sonic characteristics, more appropriate for the outstanding transmission performance of the SCHNERZINGER® conductor material than conventional artificial and also natural materials like e.g. PTFE, FEP, cotton, linen or silk.

Our test runs utilizing various isolators – starting with best polyethylene PTFE, FEP, across foamed material, natural fabric, like unbleached cotton or silk up to extremely expensive and exotic approaches with costly inert gas and specifically deployed battery voltage - confirm the enormous importance of the often underestimated dielectric. No approach satisfactorily dissolves the conflict of high isolation at one hand and minimal buffer capability on the other hand, without limiting the performance potential of the SCHNERZINGER® CONDUCTOR.

A time consuming production process, DIELECTRIC ENERGIZING, counteracting the adherence ("parking") of the electrical charge at the dielectric, provided SCHNERZINGER® the crucial progress and breakthrough.
This conditioning directly works against the buffer effect, thus providing a time correct and full speed signal flow, indispensable for an unimpaired reproduction quality.

For a basic understanding of this innovative process imagine a road with many intersections. You reach a considerable progress to an unobstructed traffic flow not via refinement of the pavement, but by reducing the number of intersections.

Details: The dielectric significantly affects the performance potential. An ideal dielectric should isolate individual strands at the best, though having no capacity to buffer charge carrier. As an illustration you may imagine, that discrete signals flowing in a wire will be attracted by the dielectric medium, parking there, and be carried away with subsequent signals. SCHNERZINGER® research shows that this effect results in a slowed down, time-delayed electron flow, counteracting the crucial target of time correct and integrated signal processing. Therefore an ideal isolation material is a dielectric without both attractive and buffer effect; a requirement profile, many manufacturers work on with major effort.

In theory electrical signal propagates in vacuum with the speed of light (c). Cable connection limits the speed, copper conductor for example to about 9/10 of the speed of light. The ration of actual speed to speed of light is known as speed factor VOP (Velocity Propagation Factor). This number describes the transmission speed of a material compared to the speed of light in vacuum in percent.

Here even foamed PTFE reaches 85% only.

material VOP
Foamed PTFE 85%
FEP 69%
Silicone 53-69%
TFE 69%
Polyethylene 66%
PVC 35-58%
Nylon 47-53%

Baumwolle oder Seide

Meanwhile the performance potential of natural isolators like cotton, silk etc. compared to synthetics is well kown. The other side of the coin is among other things the accievements potential long-term stability. Mostly natural stuff is oxygen permeable, thus promoting oxidation process.

Therefore several manufacturers utilize silver exclusively as conducting material and argue, that silver oxide has almost the same electrical characteristics, thus progressive oxidation does not alter performance.

Our long lasting series of tests definitely prove the opposite. Also surface polish cannot be sustainably effective if the surface progressively oxidizes.

Aus diesen Gründen verwendet  SCHNERZINGER®  ein Hightechmaterial, das unglaubliche dielektrische Eigenschaften aufweist und das klangliche  Potenzial des SCHNERZINGER® Leitermaterials nicht einschränkt.

photo on the right (from left to right):

Silberdraht

cotton coated silver wire - oxidized after 6 months in living space climate

coated silver wire– not oxidized after 2 years in living space climate

silver/gold foil - oxidized after 6 months in living space climate

silver/gold foil - immediately after manufacturing

In particular the area of power feed causes significant performance impairment, because

A: the interfering fields penetrating into the in-house grid (computer, refrigerator, etc.)
B: the interfering fields caused by the distinct audio devices itself (transformer, switching power supplies etc.) and
C: the interfering fields, captured from the environment by the antenna function of the power cords (WLAN, mobile phones, etc.)

mix within the power strip / power distribution unit and flow back and distribute in complex form through the power and signal cords to the devices, limiting the transmission quality to the highest degree. Mixing and distribution of the electrical interfering fields to all devices is the technical background, why the last meter of the power cords incl. the power strip is so crucial. Therefore an integrated and adjusted overall system is essential.

Providing the INNOVATOR, the POWER CORDS and the GIGA-PULSE function, SCHNERZINGER® offers an integrated high tech overall system. The NOIZGUARD function, integrated within all SCHNERZINGER® cables ensures that within a continuous SCHNERZINGER® cabled system interferences will not be passed between the distinct devices; a significant prerequisite, because without it the superiority of the SCHNERZINGER® power products will be significantly reduced. This system will be supported by the SCHNERZINGER® PROTECTOR interference elimination system, which protects cables and devices from inner (self-induced) interfering fields and outer (environment induced) interfering fields.

The impairments through electrical and electromagnetic interferences are severe and may have the following effects:

• a loss of resolution
• a loss of dynamics
• an artificial, sometimes sharp gloss in the high frequencies
• a diminished spatial imaging
• a frequency balance shift towards the mid-section
• shifted time coherence
• phase coherency problems.

Connector plugs
To reduce contact resistance plug and conductor undergo ATOMIC BONDING in common.
The decision in favor of the employed connector plugs was done after a multitude of comparisons. We have decided for those devices that – after application of the SCHNERZINGER® material structure processes and in conjunction with the selected and processed conductive materials - best fulfilled the aim of a continuous and consistent energy flow. Price and reputation of the tested devices were of minor importance.
Any back fitting to other plugs will drastically degrade sound quality, thus irreparably destroy the SCHNERZINGER® connection. (Details: cable facts) Kabelfakten)

The effect of electromagnetic interfering fields on electron flow is significant. Interfering fields are almost everywhere, on one hand infiltrating from outside into the cable connection and on the other hand originating within the cable itself. For the crucial even flow-through an extremely balanced and primarily constant electromagnetic field in between and around the conductors is elementary.

By manual work we manufactured and tested far more than 1000 prototypes – not computer simulated applications; innumerable listening sessions definitely proved: Electromagnetic suboptimal constructions, responsible for a limited electron flow, may balance an aggressive or less expressive tonal characteristics of an inadequate basic construction (or sometimes even obtain a certain tonal characteristic); but this in fact blocks the way to a further-reaching phase stable reproduction quality.

Cable geometry must be mechanically stable; establishing a constant, homogeneous electromagnetic field in between and around the conductors, and concurrently protect signal flow from emerging interfering fields. Therefore it’s common, to counteract these problems of unfortunately mutual interaction with complex stranding and binding techniques.
Häufig bemüht man sich deshalb, durch aufwändige Verseilungs- und Flechttechniken den Problemen dieser leider wechselseitigen Beeinflussung entgegenzuwirken.

Kabelgeometrie

Twisted constructions lessen interference liability, and typically lead to a mostly desired lower inductivity. But as soon as current flows through a lead, a distinct electromagnetic field will be induced. With twisted leads, the electromagnetic fields of the distinct strands are closely and large-scale adjacent, acting upon each other, thus limiting electron flow; which is why often solid conductor instead of litz wire is used.
We cannot confirm the theory, that distinct interfering fields will be completely neutralized utilizing special twisting techniques.
Braided constructions
typically lesson interference liability also, but accept the impact of an indeed constant, but permanently changing electrical environment of the distinct conductors to each other; resulting in an electromagnetic huddle, limiting electron flow again.
Parallel constructions
utilizing parallel running conductors are little resistant against outer interfering fields thus promoting the proximity effect, which as well limits electron flow via emerging eddy current.

To realize a full speed and even electron flow, the electrical parameters and the electromagnetic fields should remain constant and homogeneous across the entire cable length. The requirement of a mechanically stable design is often underrated, although this is an important factor in order to adhere to constant conditions.

(Example: current flow and in addition the sound energy within the room stimulate micro vibrations of the distinct cable leads, thus constantly changing spacing and electromagnetic fields. Additionally these micro vibrations induce resonances of the crystalline structure, thus distorting information.) Mechanical stability is a mostly underrated factor of braided constructions, as the space between the conductors tolerates vibrations.

SCHNERZINGER® employs a revolutionary technology to gain the benefits of close-mesh interlaced constructions without restrictions and not accepting electromagnetic problems:

BETTER GEOMETRY utilizes a high tech technique, to directly absorb electromagnetic pollution. This method enables SCHNERZINGER® to virtually disregard electromagnetic problems.

BETTER GEOMETRY is complemented with the technique VYBRA STOP AND RESONANCE CONTROL :    

  • VYBRA STOP: A specific technique lessons mechanical vibrations of current passing conductors, to gain constant electrical conductor conditions
     
  • RESONANCE CONTROL: transposes signal overlaying resonances to acoustically inoffensive areas, to avoid information smudging

Another performance relevant factor is the so called skin effect. A vastly simplified explanation: High frequencies flow near surface, but middle and low frequencies flow oriented toward the center of the conductor. For a nearly lossless transport of high frequencies, often flat wire resp. foil conductor, hollow conductor or litz wire (often several distinct isolated strands with very small width) are disposed.

BetterSkin

These constructions– having a large surface and a small core portion - favor the transport of high frequencies; but from our experience just this characteristic complicates the desired uniform transmission of low, mid and high frequencies. However or because of that, at first these constructions are often perceived as being more open and having with a higher resolution. In our book for a time correct, natural and not artificially accentuated presentation of the upper spectrum it’s of elementary importance, that all frequencies will be transported holistically. A few of these cable designs also tend to higher capacitance, whereon certain equipment combinations respond with unpredictable performance.

A performance displaced to higher frequencies may be perceived – as mentioned above – as more dynamic and three-dimensional and having higher resolution, but from our experience this is accountable for the so-called hyper hi-fi sound; soon the listener will be stimulated to yet another compensating action and so forth.

The special surface blooming BETTER SKIN technology, within the scope of SCHNERZINGER ATOMIC BONDING, provides for an almost even flow of all frequencies, thus combining the benefits of various designs, without accepting their downsides.

AussenummantelungMany manufacturers put synthetic fabric tube as cable coating. It looks chic, is cheap, and makes production easy. But it’s a fact that cable coating definitely has its impact on cable performance. With synthetics static charging for example may occur, which interferes with electron transport. As a so-called “tuning method” antistatic means are offered as an accessory, to counteract the shortcomings of these materials. Therefore we almost entirely dispense with synthetic fabric tube, which gives a professional look, but according to our belief should not be part of a forceful design process.

In the design processSCHNERZINGER®tested many materials to be considered as cable coating; for example various synthetics – best polyethylene, unbleached cotton, various species of silk, carbon and many others.

SCHNERZINGER® employs an industrial meshwork, which scores outstanding performance after a particular tempering.

The key to a fine device or a fine audio connection is the synchronistic signal transmission of all frequencies. From our experience unequal wire width with their unequal electric resistance values lead to unequal transmission speeds, thus impairing an even transport of all frequencies. This is elementary for a phase stable, realistic transmission. Clever used, the transmission may be optimized for distinct frequency ranges this way. Tonality may even be shifted in a desired direction. Thus deficiencies may be suppressed and covered.

With unequal wire width the treble range may be empathized. To a rather unpracticed listener such a cable will seem to be more detailed and higher resolving. In an immediately subsequent comparison, a neutral cable at first will sound dull and less open. This effect happens, because our ear very fast gets accustomed to high tones whereas the way back works much slower. A manufacturer may utilize this effect, as comparison and sale of a particular product will generally happen via switching back and forth between several products to be considered. During longer listening this unnatural emphasis will be the crux of the matter, which will remove the listeners contentment, even if only subconscious.

From our experience the performance of a really fine reproduction system is tonal unspectacular but rhythmically enthralling. The absence of unnatural emphasis is the best qualification for a long-term and truly satisfying listening experience.

Erhitzen der DrähteIn our test runs we heated conductor material under various parameters, to gain a positive impact on material structure. But from our experience this was not thoroughly and lasting advantageous, because an immaculate oxygen free material structure will be strived for when manufacturing high grade audio wire. But simple heating (not hermetically sealed) again adds oxygen inclusion impurities and promotes oxidation processes. Further tests in an hermetically sealed oxygen free environment improved the results, however the positive effect seemed limited, not persistent or partly even counterproductive.

Another insight, leading to the manufacturing process SCHNERZINGER® ATOMIC BONDING.

photo (from left to right): silver wire before heating silver wire after heating

The right connection method is important.

In case of a cheap and easy to build solder joint the signal always has to struggle to pass through a „sound ruinous“ solder layer (even when using high percentage silver solder, whose silver rate is generally not higher than 5-10% though), which inevitably constitutes a barrier between plug connection and cable conductor.

Cold- resp. spot-welding are better alternatives, but affect material structure in turn. From our experience laser beam welding in vacuum is more appropriate, as plug and conductor material can be gently connected accurately dosed and without impureness. On one hand the enormous cost of this equipment and on the other hand the material specific dosage are problematic.

Our experience shows that especially for connections with very low current ratings (e. g. phono), substandard connections considerably limit the performance potential.

Lacquer isolated wire can be manufactured industrially and quite reasonable. However the coated lacquer doesn’t conform to our standards for a good dielectric medium. Moreover industrial lacquer coatings prove to be applied uneven in practice. These inhomogeneities in turn interfere with signal transport.

The large equipment pool of top class devices permits us to advance to thresholds, where no deficit compensation of flawed components but innovative solutions arise. Longtime experience shows, that deficit compensation actions will not guide to long term contentment.

Deficit compensating actions remove music’s unrivaled authenticity, thus leading to short term contentment only, followed by yet another experiment with putative „better“ products. Extensive investment in top class reference equipment is de facto absolutely indispensible for an in truth inspection of our research findings.

The performance impact of SCHNERZINGER® products is exceptional - even in inexpensive but carefully selected system combinations..

Reverberation, acoustic absorption, acoustic shadow, signal transit time and directional sensitivity of the outer ear enable three dimensional hearing. Our brain utilizes the differential delay between both ears.. Unser Hirn nutzt dabei den Laufzeitunterschied des Schalls von einem zum anderen Ohr.

The following calculation sample illustrates, how fast and precise resp. fast a reproduction audio system has to work, in order to exactly transmit soundstage information: Sound propagates in air with 340 m/s, the head diameter is app. 17 cm. If the sonic source drifts 3 degrees right of the center, the differential delay between right to left ear is only app. 30µs.

Be aware: A nerve impulse is app. 100 times longer!

Imagine the symphony orchestra semicircle filled with instruments, then you realize the requirements for an audio reproduction system, to enable positioning of distinct instruments.

Therefore a precise, concurrent and full speed information transport is indispensible for a true three dimensional reproduction of instruments and artists.

Often even experts are not aware that just cable connections badly scatter information transport, thus underrating the importance of audio connections. Unfortunately the imperfection of common cables is that high, that actual cable quality significance for overall performance will not be caught. Thus many listeners are unsettled.

Der SCHNERZINGER® CONDUCTOR  SCHNERZINGER® CONDUCTOR opens the gate to a pristine, full speed and time correct transport of electrical information, whose performance impact is far beyond familiar benchmarks.

Mostly high grade audio signal connections will be designed via clever cable parts matching and optimization (conductor material, dielectric, geometry etc.). In this process the designer often tries to compensate deficiencies of distinct components.

Within SCHNERZINGER® DEVELOPMENT SERIES we e. g. harmonically balanced an aggressive or less expressive sonic character of inadequate materials or basic construction with clever actions (mixture of different conductor material / alloying, specific geometry, ferrite core, lacquer coating etc.). We even could design a unique sound, with similar effects like turning the amps treble, mid or bass control. If cleverly used, this may be appealing for some time. Unfortunately according to our findings this method gets in the way of a sustained performance improvement – the full speed and time correct signal transport of all frequencies.

For better understanding think of the reproduction of a drumhead strike. The speaker reproduced information should ideally have the same amount of energy with the same time lapse as the original drumhead strike. In our tests the so-called ‚balancing‘ invariably induce inhibited electron flow. Thus the speaker cones decelerate lagged, having further oscillations, thus adding energy to the original information. This additional energy may fill or cover underexposed resp. aggressive areas; bass seems more punchy, midrange more present or highs brighter and superficially more resolving.

In case of cancellation effects such an intended phase shift may also withdraw energy. Thus an otherwise thickened bass reproduction may sound wiry. Also to an insufficiently trained listener soundstage may superficially appear to be „improved“.

Stellen sie sich dazu bitte den Halbkreis eines Orchesters vor: Schrumpft z:B. die Tiefe, wird die Rauminformation kompakter, flächiger. Dadurch erscheinen die mittleren Reihen weiter vorne  und wirken so für einen ungeübten Hörer präsenter. Eine Stimme kann so weiter nach vorne rücken, plastischer und körperhafter wirken. Oft wird gerade durch ungeeignete Musikstücke oder Beurteilungsgewohnheiten (z. B. wenig komplexe Musikstücke, auf einer Ebene aufgenommene Instrumente/Gesangsstimmen mit künstlicher Räumlichkeit oder die alleinige Konzentration auf eine Stimme oder ein Instrument) ein besseres Produkt im Vergleich schlechter bewertet.

For an authentic, long range enthralling reproduction quality, all single parts of information of the original composition must pass the transmission and be reproduced bundled in exactly the same way as captured during the recording – not cut into pieces, not dispersed, with the correct volume, in the correct order and above all in time correct sequence..

Full speed, isochronal signal transport of all frequencies is key – according to our findings manipulative actions tear apart the information flow.

IUnfortunately deficit compensating strategies are common in the audio domain.

From experience we know, that deficit compensating solutions generally lead to short term contentment only, followed by the demand for yet another change of high end products for another assumed optimization attempt and so on. As a consequence only a fraction of the complete collection of music sounds fine, which usually will be excused with poor recording quality. So Hi-fi freaks customarily switch forth and back between those music titles, that sound excellent on their specific music system.

SCHNERZINGER® ATOMIC BONDING was designed to completely resolve all problem areas of the electrical cable connection, to avoid limiting effects of compensating actions.